On December 29 the world marks the International Day against Nuclear Tests. This date was instituted by the United Nations General Assembly 11 years ago. It was the First President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev who put forward that initiative
“Kazakhstan experienced all the horrors of nuclear tests at the Semipalatinsk test site from which 1.5 million people suffered. I decreed to close this world’s largest nuclear test site on August 29, 1991. That decision was the first-ever legal ban in the humankind’s history to carry out nuclear tests. Later many other countries closed their test sites. Thus, the example of my country was supported and became an event of global significance. Moreover, it paved the way for the adoption of the 1996 Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. At Kazakhstan’s initiative in 2010 the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution declaring August 29 the International Day against Nuclear Tests. Now it is marked every year in all corners of the planet,” First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan-Elbasy Nursultan Nazarbayev
The First President of Kazakhstan established the Nazarbayev Prize for Nuclear Weapon Free World and Global Security. Additionally, the IAEA Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) Bank has been set up in Kazakhstan which ensures and enables peaceful use of atomic energy
Nursultan Nazarbayev participated in many international top-level meetings focusing on the nuclear problem. In 2016 the First President of Kazakhstan penned Manifesto: “The World. The 21st century” addressing all nations and leaders of the world which gained global recognition. The Manifesto highlights the need for all countries to commit to nuclear disarmament together and fully abandon nuclear weapons by 2045 (the UN’s 100th anniversary). The Manifesto gained the status of an official document of the UN General Assembly. This is a great recognition of Nursultan Nazarbayev’s efforts and personal contribution to the cause of global security by the global community
The initiative to convene the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) was put forward by Nursultan Nazarbayev at the 47th session of the United Nations General Assembly in 1992
“CICA has united the majority of Asian countries which represent different cultures, civilizations and development models. Three CICA Summits and three Ministerial Meetings were held. The fundamental documents which created the political and legal foundation of cooperation within CICA were developed and adopted. The stage of the Forum’s institutionalization is completed. The CICA Secretariat and its working bodies function successfully. The concepts and action plans in practically all directions of CICA activity were adopted. The foundation for expanding economic cooperation between our country is being formed. ‘Green light’ to creation of the Business Council was given. We hold CICA business forums on a regular basis,” First President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev said at the CICA Commemorative session
To sum up, Nursultan Nazarbayev’s initiative which he pushed ahead gradually has become a functioning international organization no longer depending on the political will of one person. It has gained a real shape and independence and become an instrumental element in the system of regional and interregional security
In late September 2020 Kazakhstan assumed the CICA Chairmanship. During the Foreign Ministers’ Meeting via videoconference Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan Mukhtar Tileuberdi assured his colleagues that as a Chair of the organization the Republic of Kazakhstan will further spearhead the institutionalization of the Organization and go to great lengths to raise its profile at the international level
The Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions for the first time ever convened on September 23-24, 2003 at the initiative of First President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev
Addressing on February 13, 2003 the International Peace and Accord Conference that played an important role in the rapprochement of religions, cultures and nations and brought together representatives of Christian, Islamic and Jewish organizations, Elbasy suggested convening the Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions
“There are models of religious tolerant societies in the modern history. For example, Kazakhstan has created the successful model of co-existence of 18 confessions that live in peace, accord and mutual understanding. Our legislation on religious communities is based on the principles of equality and freedom of conscience. For almost quarter of a century of the country’s independence Kazakhstan overcame the Renaissance of Spirituality. The soviet era enforced atheism as well as in Kazakhstan. But our people never lost their belief in God. Currently there are 3,312 mosques, temples, churches, synagogues and other places of worship in the country. There are 47 religious media outlets. There are almost 500 foreign missioners working in Kazakhstan. The main religious holidays are common for all Kazakhstanis. We are building a new country, where there is no room for discord and conflicts,” Nursultan Nazarbayev said at the V Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions
Representatives of the Catholic Church were among the first to support the idea of convening the Congress during the Kazakh President’s visit to the Vatican Heads and outstanding representatives of Islam, Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism, Shintoism, Daoism and other traditional religions took part in six Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions in Astana held in 2003, 2006, 2009, 2012, 2015 and 2018
The decision to establish the Turkic Council which later was renamed into the Organization of Turkic States was adopted on October 3, 2009 in Azerbaijan at the initiative of First President of Kazakhstan-Elbasy Nursultan Nazarbayev. Among the key tasks and goals of the international structure is strengthening of mutual trust, friendship and good neighborliness, promotion of peace and security, contribution to bilateral and regional cooperation
“In the epoch of ambitious globalization trends the aspect of preserving national values and strengthening of a genetic code of the nation remains important. In historiography researchers define the Turkic civilization as one of the viable civilizations that made critical contribution to the world history. The scientific research sources claim that some 150,000 people that is more than 40 Turkic nations live in the territory stretching over 4.2 million square kilometers. Historic grandeur of Turkic people is reflected in unique subtleties of military art, art and diplomacy, secrets of precious metal mining and processing methods, unequalled poetic masterpieces, huge encyclopedia of medical knowledge and many vital aspects of humanity. The world community has always recognized invaluable importance of the Great Silk Road,” First President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev said
Over the past years cooperation between countries became pragmatic. Issues of deepening of trade and economic and investment ties, development of trans-continental transit corridor moved to the forefront
Turkic countries have untapped economic potential. The aggregate market of the Turkic Council states is some 150 million people. In current prices, the aggregate GDP of its member states in 2019 was valued at USD 1.2 trillion
As OSCE Chair in 2010, Kazakhstan launched a number of initiatives called to perfect and expand the Organization’s activity. For instance, Kazakhstan suggested the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) establishing closer contacts with Asian integration structures, especially the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building Measures in Asia (CICA) founded at the initiative of Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan volunteered to be the point of contact between the two organizations. In addition, the Kazakh side proposed to establish interaction between the European Union and NATO, EAEU, and CSTO
“We have gathered in Astana to celebrate the sound idea of continuing to move together towards a secure future for our nations.
A path that we embarked upon three and a half decades ago.
The Helsinki process was developed originally on the basis of a conception of a pan-European home from the Atlantic to the Urals.
The creation of the OSCE confirmed the principles of European security from Vancouver to Vladivostok.
Today we are setting out on a third stage, moving towards a new level of security and co-operation on a wider scale from ocean to ocean.
The idea is to form a single security space bound by four oceans: from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and from the Arctic to the Indian. The Astana Summit revives a tradition interrupted since the Istanbul Summit 11 years ago of holding meetings at the highest level. This is also a sign of the renaissance of the Organization. We are seeing the start today in Astana of a Euro-Atlantic and Eurasian community of common and indivisible security. This Summit is taking place for the first time in a new country that gained its independence to a large extend thanks to the provisions and principles contained in the Helsinki Final Act. I am talking about the right of States and nations to freely choose their development path, and about sovereignty and territorial integrity. We are creating democracy in a part of the world where it has never been before. Stability in Kazakhstan above all means steady economic growth.” – First President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev
The First President of Kazakhstan announced the readiness to provide the Astana platform to hold talks on cessation of hostilities between the conflicting parties in Syria. Astana played host to seven international meetings on the Syrian settlement from January to October 2017, making Kazakhstan a key actor in facilitating peaceful talks, including in the Middle East by holding the Astana process on the Syrian settlement. A total of over 12 meetings were held until 2019.
In 2019 Kazakhstan evacuated its nationals from the conflict zones in Syria
Kazakhstan achieved a lot during its OSCE presidency, especially the holding of the first Summit in 11 years in Astana city, which brought together 30 Heads of State and Government
Nursultan Nazarbayev came up with the idea and used the term “Eurasian Union” for the first time during his first official visit to the Russian Federation in 1994
“It is long past time to propel to a brand new level of relations between our countries based on the new interstate union founded on the principles of free will and equality. The Eurasian Union could become such union. It should be based on the principles different to those of the CIS and be guided by the supranational bodies which will address two key challenges: shaping of common economic space and ensuring of joint defense policy” – First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan-Elbasy Nursultan Nazarbayev
The Treaty on the establishment of the Eurasian Economic Union was signed on May 29, 2014 in Astana (presently – Nur-Sultan). Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan ratified the Treaty on 5, 9, and 14 October, respectively. The Treaty on Armenia’s accession to the EAEU was inked on October 10, 2014 and was subsequently ratified by Armenia on December 4. On December 23 Kyrgyzstan also signed the Treaty on accession to the EAEU
The Treaty on the establishment of the EAEU entered into force on January 1, 2015. This is the official date of the establishment of the Eurasian Economic Union
The EAEU has four supranational bodies, including the Supreme Eurasian Economic Council, the Eurasian Intergovernmental Economic Council, the Eurasian Economic Commission and the Court of the Eurasian Economic Union
The UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan was recently temporarily relocated to Almaty, Kazakhstan –one the country’s latest peace initiatives Amid the escalation of the domestic situation in Afghanistan the United Nations has requested the temporary relocation to Almaty of the group of personnel of the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) and other UN agencies accredited in that country
“In the spirit of Kazakhstan’s comprehensive cooperation with the UN and as part of Kazakhstan’s commitments as a full-fledged member of the Organization, President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev decided to fulfill the UN request of the organization. Today, on August 18, the first flight with UNAMA personnel landed at the Almaty airport. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, together with the Akimat of Almaty and other competent authorities are taking necessary measures to accommodate them in a timely manner. The newly arrived persons are international diplomats, bearers of UN passports to whom UN immunities are applied,” a statement of the Kazakh Foreign Ministry said
President of Kazakhstan President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev made a prompt decision to temporarily host UNAMA in Almaty. The final decision was made within the matter of hours upon the submission of the UN request. The UN leadership had a number of variants of temporary relocation of the personnel in mind. Almaty was singled out among other options as a large regional center of financial and business activity. The city is a host to many international organizations and representative offices, other than UN. It is also in a relatively short distance from Kabul by air. Almaty also boasts a well-developed transport network as it offers most of the country’s international flights
18 UN agencies with the regional and subregional statuses were placed at the International Organizations building in Almaty, including UNDP, IOM, UNESCO, UNEP, UNAIDS, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNOHCHR, UNODC, UNESCAP, UNHCR, UNISDR, UNOCHA, WHO, UNDSS, UNDGC, UN WOMEN, FAO
The opening of the UNAMA’s temporary mission in the city may pave the way for further strengthening of Almaty’s status as the UN regional hub
UN Resident Coordinator for Kazakhstan Ms. Michaela Friberg-Storey thanked the Kazakh Government for the support in deploying the UNAMA in Almaty